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Sources of pentaBDE, octaBDE and decaBDE

Source of the table: Hazardous substances of specific concern to the Baltic Sea Final report of the HAZARDOUS project (2009) (BSEP No. 119), pages pages 26-36.

Substance Sources of discharges to aquatic environmentSources of emissions to atmosphere  
pentaBDE

Treatment of waste; storm water from waste sorting sites

Landfills

Sewage treatment plants (STPs)

Industrial waste water (e.g. possible pentaBDE production in Russia, textile industry)

Treatment of waste

Losses from products during service-life

 

octaBDE

Treatment of waste; storm water from waste sorting sites (measured data not yet available)

Industrial waste water (e.g. possible octaBDE production in Russia, textile industry)

Treatment of waste

Losses from products during service-life

decaBDE

Industrial waste water (e.g. polymer and textile industry)

Treatment of waste; storm water from waste sorting sites (measured data not yet available)

Losses from products during service-life

Treatment of waste

The industrial sector or professional use has been identified as a relevant source if the emission factor is relatively high or if it has been identified as risk use in national or EU risk assessments. The significance of other activities (e.g. STPs and landfills) has been evaluated on the basis of measured effluent concentrations. It should be noted that all below mentioned sectors may not be relevant in all HELCOM countries and these should be identified at national level (e.g. within national programs under the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan).

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