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Sources of nonylphenols (NP) and nonyphenol ethoxylates (NPE)

Source of the table: Hazardous substances of specific concern to the Baltic Sea Final report of the HAZARDOUS project (2009) (BSEP No. 119), pages 57-65.

Substance Sources of discharges to aquatic environmentSources of emissions to atmosphere  
NP

Use of NPE-based products (via degradation)

Sewage treatment plants (STPs)

Landfills

Storm water at least from waste sorting sites

Not considered important

 

NPE

Industrial waste water from

- pulp and paper industry1

- paint industry (production of paints)

- production (and use) of detergents and cleaning agents 1

- metal working industry 1

- textile and leather industry1

- photographic industry

- civil and mechanical engineering industry

Air transport (anti-icing use)

Agriculture (pesticide use) 1

Sewage treatment plants (STPs)

Landfills

Storm water at least from waste sorting sites

Not considered important

The industrial sector or professional use has been identified as a relevant source if the emission factor is relatively high or if it has been identified as risk use in national or EU risk assessments. The significance of other activities (e.g. STPs and landfills) has been evaluated on the basis of measured effluent concentrations. It should be noted that all below mentioned sectors may not be relevant in all HELCOM countries and these should be identified at national level (e.g. within national programs under the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan).

1 Use banned (as a substance or constituent of preparations at concentration >0.1% by mass) in EU since Jan 2005 (2003/53/EC)



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